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Background to green chemistry
Introduction to the pharmaceutical industry
Introduction to process chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry
Dependence on crude oil
Biomass as a chemical feedstock
Components of biomass and their conversion
Multiple choice questions
Summary and further reading
Foundation: Renewable resources
What are the key technical differences in terms of processing between base chemicals from petroleum and bio-based platform molecules for the chemical industry?
Bio-based molecules will have a larger amount of radioactive <sup>14</sup>C
Petroleum-based molecules are more abundant than bio-based ones
They cannot make the same molecules
They contain different major functional groups; hydrocarbon (olefins and aromatics) vs heteroatoms (alcohols, amines, carbonyls and acids)
Crude oil is hazardous to handle, whereas biomass is safe
A molecule made from petroleum will have different properties to one made from biomass.
Which are the main groups of biomass employed for producing platform molecules?
What factors contribute to variability in biomass feedstock?
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