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Background to green chemistry
Introduction to the pharmaceutical industry
Introduction to process chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry
What is elemental sustainability?
Factors affecting sustainability
Alternative sources for elements
Summary and further reading
Multiple choice questions
Foundation: Critical elements
Which of these factors contribute to poor elemental sustainability and criticality?
Rarity of elements in Earth’s crust
Destruction of elements
Increased demand and competition for certain elements
Dispersal of elements into the geosphere
Depletion of resources
Political instability and conflict in areas rich in high-demand elements
Which of the following are ways to improve elemental sustainability?
Increase replenishment rates of reserves.
Increase recycling rates.
Improve efficiency of usage of rare elements.
Discover new mining reserves.
Consider alternatives to rare elements.
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